C++14 code to convert integers to strings at compile-time
You cannot select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
Clyne bd157e503a support c++14 1 year ago
LICENSE Initial commit 4 years ago
README.md support c++14 1 year ago
f_to_string.hpp Match namespaces 4 years ago
to_string.hpp support c++14 1 year ago



Requires C++14 or later.


  • Convert any integral type to a string at compile-time
  • Supports converting to bases 2 through 36
  • No external dependencies
  • Supports custom character types, e.g. to_string<123, 10, wchar_t>
  • C++20: Supports floating-point-to-string conversion with f_to_string

How to use:

The file to_string.hpp provides a to_string utility, which may be used as below:

const char *number = to_string<2147483648999954564, 16>; // produces "1DCD65003B9A1884"
puts(to_string<-42>); // produces "-42"
puts(to_string<30, 2>); // produces "11110"

With to_string, all that will be found in program disassembly are the resulting string literals, as if you wrote the strings yourself.

Try it on Compiler Explorer.

f_to_string.hpp, requiring C++20, provides an f_to_string utility for floating-point conversion:

puts(f_to_string<3.1415926>); // Defaults to 5-point precision: "3.14159"
puts(f_to_string<{3.1415926, 7}>); // Specify precision: "3.1415926"

How it works

C++14 greatly expanded the capabilities of compile-time code execution through constexpr. In particular, it allows for non-trivial constructors to be constexpr.

to_string takes advantage of this by providing an object that converts a template-parameter integer to a string using a basic itoa implementation in the constructor. Through an additional constexpr member function, we can calculate the length of the resulting string; this can be used to size the object's string buffer for a perfect fit.

Beyond this, to_string simply provides familiar member functions that allow for iteration and data access. The expansion of the capabilities of auto in C++14 help make these definitions concise.

The floating-point implementation f_to_string takes a similar approach, but requires C++20 as it needs a double_wrapper object to capture the double value. double and float cannot directly be template parameters as of C++20, and a non-type template parameter like the double_wrapper structure was not allowed before C++20.